Expertise on the application of the the energy efficiency formula (R1) of Annex II of the Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC and potential adverse effects


In its Annex II the revised Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EG) lists waste recovery operations. The entry R1 covers operation where waste is used “principally as a fuel or other means to generate energy”. A footnote to this entry explains further that this includes incineration facilities dedicated to the processing of municipal solid waste only where their energy efficiency is equal to or above a certain level.

Details of the determination of the energy efficiency of those installations are still to be elaborated and agreed.


It is the objective of the project to identify uncertainties of the formula established by the footnote of Annex II of the Waste Framework Directive and problems with its practical implementation.

Potential concepts to solve the identified issues and further perspectives of the energy efficiency formula will be elaborated.

Christian Tebert


Knut Sander

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