Since 31 December 2016, the new "NEC" Directive (2016/2284 / EU) "on the reduction of national emissions of certain air pollutants" is in force. The new NEC Directive obliges EU Member States to reach new reduction targets from 2030 on, beyond the previously regulated air pollutants SO2, NOx, NMVOC and NH3. For the first time, the member states are obliged to issue emission inventories for fine dust, heavy metals and POPs. Against this background, the requirements of the new NEC Directive are analyzed and the system of German emission reporting is examined. Based on the comparison of the requirements of the new NEC Directive and the current reporting, a deficit analysis is prepared. The analysis identifies the areas in the reporting system that need to be strengthened. On the basis of the deficit analysis, improvement measures are named, coordinated with the Federal Environment Agency and priority measures, such as on heavy metals and POP, are processed. In addition, the project will be supported by the Federal Environment Agency at the meeting of the Task Force on Emission Inventories and Projections (TFEIP) in 2019.